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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Author Warranties: by submission of material to the RVTTI International Conferences and AfriTVET all authors warrant that the material is their own, original material or that copyright clearance has been acquired to reproduce other material from employers, third parties or attributed to third parties, and that the material has not been previously published and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. AfriTVET reserves right to reject any work that abuses the fair usage policy through plagiarism and the like
  • By submitting material to RVTTI International Conferences and AfriTVET, all authors of the material agree to indemnify AfriTVET, and its heirs and assigns in business, against any litigation or claims that may arise from the content of or opinions in the material provided. Submission of material to RVTTI International Conferences and AfriTVET also imply all authors’ consent to assignment of the material’s copyright to AfriTVET when that material is accepted for publication in the journal, for the full legal term of copyright and any renewals thereof throughout the world in all formats and in any medium of communication.
    If the corresponding author is no longer active, any of the other authors may become the corresponding author and they will accordingly be bound by these terms and conditions.
    (Note: On acceptance for publication, an agreement specifying the terms noted here and above will be sent to the corresponding author for signature by the corresponding author who is duly authorized to sign this agreement on behalf of all authors and contributors. No printers proof will be sent to the author. The copy provided by the author on acceptance is the version used for typesetting. The publisher reserves the right to make editing corrections).
  • 3. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in the guidelines above.
  • A citation should refer to a publication listed in the References section of the manuscript and all references should have been cited in the text
  • Tables and figures - Note that tables have no vertical lines within or outside the text. i.e use only limited and necessary horizontal lines and NO vertical lines
  • Papers published in AfriTVET are directly sourced from the RVTTI International Conferences.No further charge will be surcharged to the presenters who have presented their papers in their conference. The Conference Rates are; Kenyan and East African Participants @KES 4, 000 each, Non East African Participants @ USD 100 each or its KES equivalent. Group rates available for 5 or more

Author Guidelines

 Contributions must be original or reviewed articles but not previously submitted elsewhere for publication. Contributions should add to knowledge and understanding the guided thematic areas of the international conferences from which papers presented are published in the journals. All papers are expected to be analytical, with reports of studies interpreted both in terms of the theoretical literature and in terms of contemporary issues as addressed by the relevant RVTTI Annual International Conferences themes and by Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (AfriTVET) ISSN 2518-2722 (online) and ISSN 2413-984X (Print). Articles are submitted to the AfriTVET hosted in www.afritvet.org or RVTTI website. Upon  publications all works will be issued with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI).

Policy on Plagiarism

Papers submitted to Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training will be screened for plagiarism using plagiarism detection tools such as Grammarly,TurnitIn and Copyscape. Any submission that exceeds fair use or fails to appropriately cite sources will be rejected. Authors are advised to review their works and ensure they cite all sources used before submission to avoid rejection.


All articles submitted to the secretariat of the journals are subject to the conventional double-blind refereeing system.

Initial submission

To ensure prompt review of your paper, please observe the instructions on-screen and take note that:

  1. Manuscripts should be saved as a Microsoft Word. These should contain: title of the manuscript, key words, article text, references, figures, and tables in that order, as one document.
  2. A 250-350-word abstract in one continuous paragraph is required for the papers to be published.
  3. The abstracts and full papers should contain: Title of the paper; Name(s) of author; Email and Cell Phone Number.
  4. Abstracts should have words between 250 and 300, be in block format; Times New Roman 12; Single spacing; At most 5 key words.
  5. Full papers should have words between 3000 and 3500. Times New Roman 12; Single line spacing.
  6. All correspondence will be sent to the first listed author.
  7. Please list all authors in the order they are to appear on the title page.


Style Guide

The Journal uses the American Psychological Association(APA)Formatting and Style Guide 7th edition for the formatting of submissions. For more information, visit our website www.afritvet.org or www.rvti.ac.ke/publications, or please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition. The official spelling should be in British English, but American English spellings are also acceptable provided that they are used consistently. Translation of articles from other languages into English is encouraged and should be provided by professional translators. 

The editors reserve the right to make editorial and literary corrections. Tabular and statistical materials, graphs, figures and charts should be kept to a minimum and be formatted as per APA 7th Edition. 

Citations and References should be accurate, current and consistent throughout. Please ensure that in text citations appear in References, and vice versa as appropriate. The accuracy and format of reference citations is the authors' responsibility. 

Photographs: Are not encouraged because of the difficulty in printing quality and must be restricted to minimum. 

Headings and Sub headings

 Heading and Sub-heading styles should conform with the APA 7th Edition style of formatting. Regardless of the level, headings are not numbered. Level 1 headings (Main Headings). These are used to identify the major sections of the manuscript. These include Abstract, Introduction, Methodology / Materials and Methods , Findings , Conclusion and Recommendations, and References. Acknowledgment, if used, should be considered a main heading but should come before references. All main headings should be centered, in bold and in title case (that is, all major words are upper-cased, while minor words are lower cased). The font size of level 1 headings is 14. 

Level 2 headings (Sub heading). These are used to identify minor sections of the manuscript under a level 1 heading. When used, they should be left aligned, in bold and in title case. No other text should be in the same line as the heading. The font size of level 2 headings is 12. Level 3 heading (Sub Heading). These are used to identify minor sections of a manuscript under a level 2 heading. When used, they should be left aligned, in bold and italics and in sentence case. No other text should be in the same line as the heading. The font size of level 3 headings is 12. 


Sections of the manuscript


Single paragraphs of between 250 and 350. It should give a pertinent overview of the work. We strongly encourage authors to use the following style of structured abstracts, but without headings: 

  1. Background: Place the question addressed in a broad context and highlight the purpose of the study. 
  2. Methods: briefly describe the main methods or treatments applied.
  3. Results: summarize the article’s main findings;
  4. Conclusions: indicate the main conclusions or interpretations. 

The abstract should be an objective representation of the article, and it must not contain results that are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions. 



The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance. The current state of the research field should be carefully reviewed and key publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work and highlight the principal conclusions. One should try as much as possible, to keep the introduction comprehensible to researchers outside your particular field of research. References should be cited as per APA 7th Edition. 

Methods / Materials and Methods 

The Methodology or Materials and Methods should be described with sufficient details to allow others to replicate and build on the published results. Ensure that the method used to gather data is clearly shown and the appropriateness of this method in your study. Further, explain the datasets used and their appropriateness. Please note that the publication of your manuscript implicates that you must make all materials, data, computer code, and protocols associated with the publication available to readers. Please disclose at the submission stage any restrictions on the availability of materials or information. Interventionary studies involving animals or humans, and other studies that require ethical approval, must list the authority that provided approval and the corresponding ethical approval code.


Findings / Results 

Conclusion and Recommendations 

Conclusion and recommendation should be guided by the study objectives and should capture and based on the findings. Recommendations should be incorporated into the work and must inform policy, practice or research 


References in the text should give the author's name and year of publication (with page number if necessary) according to the APA 7th edition.


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The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.